Stainless Steel Grade 304 vs. 316: Which one is the Best for You?

With the Steel Manufacturing Companies India joining hands, the grade 304 and 316 are the best available grades of stainless steel among the whole host of them.

Stainless Steel Grade 304 vs. 316

Stainless steel is one of the most popular variants of steel since when it was discovered. It is one of the metal alloys prepared by adding a host of other metals like Chromium, Nickel, Molybdenum, Silicon and Aluminum, to steel, which is originally an alloy of iron.

Only a few other metals are as useful as stainless steel. From household equipment to pharmaceutical gears, from oil refineries to the construction industry, the world simply cannot get enough of this form of steel. The Indian Steel Industry has certainly experienced a major boom due to stainless steel.

Numerous Grades of Stainless Steel

As a result of extensive research carried out on steel, its types and usages, we have got a wide range of different grades of steel by mixing several other metals to it to suit particular purposes.

The sole purpose of the discovery of steel is the rising demand for a metal that would be tough and resist corrosion at the same time. Stainless steel came up eventually as the best metal satisfying all our criteria. With the Steel Manufacturing Companies India coming together to improve the overall quality of the metal, the present grades of steel are a lot more reliable.

Though stainless steel is divided into a whole lot of different grades, exhibiting different properties, grade 304 and 316 are two of the best grades, known for their overall excellence. However, most of us are not aware of their properties and the intrinsic differences between them. Hence, we thought of coming up with a guide. So, here we go:

Grade 304

Stainless steel of Grade 304 is one of the predominant varieties of austenitic stainless steel with a high level of chromium and nickel. Some other metals comprising the remaining volume of the metal are silicon, manganese and iron. This grade of steel is highly resistant to corrosion and is widely used as:

  • Household gadgets and kitchen appliances.

  • Fastening fixtures.

  • Piping.

  • Food processors in the industries.

Grade 316

Stainless steel of Grade 316 is another grade which is effective against corrosion and in fact, a bit more than its previous counterpart.

The composition of this grade of steel is quite similar to 304 only except for the portion of carbon and iron, which is relatively higher than it was in the previous case. Grade 316 is quite a denser variant of stainless steel and found effective even in salt waters. You can discover Grade 316 in:

  • Marine surroundings.

  • Pharmaceutical devices.

  • Refining machinery

  • Chemical Processing and storage industries.

Though both the grades of stainless steel look alike, they have their own sets of advantages and disadvantages too. Hence, it is important to weigh them according to your purpose before you go for them. Besides, it is essential to purchase steel in any form only from the reputable Steel Manufacturers in India and rest assured.


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