Steel and its Kinds: A Comprehensive Outlook

Steel and its Kinds

Steel has always been popular metal since its discovery. Apart from its enormous strength and flexibility, steel is notable for its resistance to corrosion which plagues the other metals.

Steel is originally an iron alloy, which is then mixed with carbon. Many varieties of steel also contain a range of other metals to suit the specific purposes for which they are used. Along with the Best Steel Manufacturing Companies Indiathe Indian steel industry is turning out to be a force to reckon with on a global scale.

Some Common Types of Steel

Steel is classified mainly into 4 categories based on their composition and uses.

Here we look at some of the popular variants of steel:

  1. Carbon Steel – In this type of steel, carbon is the main alloying element. The percentage of carbon in Carbon steel is up to 2.1% by weight.

  2. Alloy Steel – Alloy steel contains a variety of metals to enhance its mechanical properties. Manganese, nickel, chromium, aluminium, molybdenum, silicon and vanadium are some common alloyants used in this process. The additional elements make up to about 1-50% of the metal by weight.

  3. Stainless Steel – Stainless steel as the name suggests, is resistant to stains and corrosion of any kind. These types of steel contain at least 10.5% Chromium in it. The latter provides a thin layer of oxide on the surface of the metal, this helps to ensure that the metal is resistant to corrosion of any forms.

  4. Tool Steel – Tool steel is the type of steel used in making tools, just as the name suggests. These kinds of steel are distinctive for their hardness and resistance against deformation and abrasion. The carbon in these steel varies between 0.5-1.5% by weight.

These are the four primary types of steel that exists today. Each of them is divided into several grades suiting their jobs only too well.

Steel is undoubtedly one of the most widely used metals in the age that we live. Whether it is our furniture or kitchen utensils, homes or everyday tools, everything is made out of steel. Moreover, with the advancements of the TMT bars manufacturing process in India, construction is also experiencing a major lift. However, it is essential to go for the trustworthy TMT bar manufacturing companies if you are planning to build your house or office. 

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